Annotated Bibliography

Anxiously Annotated

This post is regarding the AIDS quilt found at the NAMES project. This post is about my research into the relation between subculture and the HIV epidemic. Each question is related to an item on my chosen quilt panel. My research concerns the use of the quilt as a primary source. This primary source is analyzed and different subcultures are discovered within. These subcultures are then researched in the form of a research question via variable sources. These are those sources.

Source 1

Source Used: Heger, Heinz. The men with the pink triangle: The true, life-and-death story of homosexuals in the Nazi death camps. 2010.

Research Question: How has a pink upside down triangle been used as a symbol for the gay struggle?

End Citation: The author of this titles name is Heinz Heger, he was a queer Nazi concentration camp survivor. Heger delves into his life as a concentration camp survivor; exerting to the audience his experience of being a gay man in a concentration camp.  The evidence in the source is his recollection of his own experiences. The author wrote this to capture a time in history and bring a better understanding of it to those who haven’t experienced it. The specific audience for the text are those interested in the holocaust and also those curious about the injustices that homosexual’s faced during it. Others who would find this information useful are those fighting for gay rights; they could use this as a source to showcase how long the struggle for gay rights has lasted.

Supplemental Paragraph: This source connects with my artifact by giving it a level of depth via understanding through the eyes of someone who wore the artifact being discussed. The pink triangle on the quilt can be interpreted as a symbol to never forget how queer people before them wore persecuted. This source evoked a deeper analytical stand point for the artifact by showing it for what it truly symbolizes. Analytically speaking this book makes you want to research why exactly the artifact is so heavily embroidered on quilt.  Is it to symbolize a victory in the struggle for gay rights? Overall I’d consider this source invaluable because, life experiences can often give you real perspective of what something really means. This way of thinking leads to even more research questions, and further insight.

Source 2

Source Used: King, Joseph H. Jr. “The Misbegotten Libel-Proof Plaintiff Doctrine and the Gordian Knot Syndrome,” Hofstra Law Review vol. 29, no. 2 (Winter 2000): p. 343-400.

Research Question: Have there been boy scout troop leaders that were fired because they were gay or had AIDS?

End Citation: The author Joseph King Jr  is a practicing lawyer in the state of Georgia, he expounds that certain “doctrines be eliminated from the defamation nomenclature”(King, 2000) The evidence offered are the court cases; each court case help decide another because of precedence. He want’s to eliminate certain doctrines from the defamation nomenclature, and therefore make a difference in  the judicial system. The intended audience for this book would be law students, or other lawyers. Lawyers would find this useful because it would help them decide cases.

Supplemental Paragraph: I’d consider this source to be useful because it not only answers my research question it gives me a different perspective on my research topic. I had only considered my research question from an emotional point of view, and this source provides insight into a more detached way of viewing. Seeing research in multiple ways can help provide a larger, less biased analysis and therefore encourage a deeper understanding.

Source 3

Research Question: Have there been boy scout troop leaders that were fired because they were gay or had AIDS?

Source Used: Bierbaur, C. (2000, June 28) Supreme Court says Boy Scouts can bar gay troop leaders.

End Citation: The author Charles Bierbaur is a CNN Senior National Correspondent; the topic covered is “The Supreme Court ruled Wednesday that the Boy Scouts of America can bar homosexuals from being troop leaders.” (Bierbaur , 2000) The evidence used in the article are law books that mention other court cases and the first amendment; other evidence are the oral arguments. The purpose of this source is to create a discussion about how companies and corporations can discriminate against gay men, and it’s considered legal.  The specific intended audience would include those who believe in old fundamental values and conservatives because CNN is considered a conservative network.The people that might find this information useful would include law students and lawyers, using this to learn the precedence for certain laws.

Supplemental Paragraph: This source is useful because it provides a new perspective on a myopic research question. Although my question lacks a broader focus, sources like this can be used to expand said focus and give an opportunity for deductions and analysis. This article is from CNN a news publication that caters to hetero-normative values and so called religious justification. Reading an article like this would be completely different than something you read in say Jezebel magazine. This gives scope to situation and paints a broader picture with more insightful research questions that are more objective.

Source 4

Source Used: Jasper,Esteban Steinberh”The Pink Triangle and the Nazi cure for Homosexuality”Vimeo 3 June 2014,

Research Question: How has a pink upside down triangle been used as a symbol for the gay struggle?

End Citation: The directors Esteban Jasper and Nacho Steinberg are prolific documentarians that made a documentary covering the life of a SS Doctor by the name of Vaernet. The type of evidence used in the source is mainly interviews from Dr. Vaernet’s relatives, with some image analysis by historians. The author wants to spread awareness of the autrocities that homosexuals experienced in the holocaust. The intended audience would be those interested in documentaries, and also interested in the gay rights struggle. Those who would find the information useful include researchers and historians interested in learning more about the treatment of homosexuals at the time.

Supplemental Paragraph: This source connects with my artifact by providing another resource to study to gain a better understanding of the different cultures involved. The subculture in this film is Nazi culture. Learning of this subculture in relation to queer culture gives perspective, which helps a researcher analyze the facts and stay objective. This movie is a useful source not only because it’s multi modal, but because there is plenty of meta data associated with it. The metadata used could help create a bridge to better understanding the events in the piece through the use of similar sources.

Source 5


Source Used: Knight, M.(2009, May 21) John Greyson opera Fig Trees tackles AIDS activism.

Research Question: How has opera been involved with AIDS activism?

End Citation: The author Michael Knight is a senior correspondent at CBC News he discusses how opera is used in an unconventional way to challenge complacency where AIDS is concerned. The evidence used in the article is an interview with the director John Greyson who used opera in a AIDS activism video. The purpose of the article is to further the discussion of AIDS in our community via a video opera about AIDS activism. The intended audience would be the typical CBC News viewer, which would include a liberal audience. Those who would find the information useful include other AIDS activist looking for a new way to advocate their cause.

Supplemental Paragraph: This source connects to my artifact as well as my research question by not only answering it but providing more information about the subculture involved. This valkyrie helmet of course symbolizes opera but it also symbolizes opera subculture. This paper mentions the impact of HIV/AIDS on this culture. “We were definitely taking on opera as this conservative, elitist monolith, but on the other hand, trying to tease out a tendency that’s sometimes forgotten, a tendency of resistance, a tendency of social activism buried within those sir titles and grand divas parking and barking on centre stage,” he said.” (Knight 1) The HIV/AIDS epidemic led to this revival of social activism in opera for John Greyson, leading him to make a video about it.



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